secretary bird cool facts

secretary bird cool facts

 secretary bird cool facts

secretary bird cool facts
secretary bird cool facts

Secretary Bird is a huge bird compared to other normal birds we witness in daily lives and it has some very unique characteristics and appearance. Also it is globally known as the bird of prey. Usually found in open grasslands this bird has two major colors in whole body, the grey color which runs from the head down to the belly and the other black which covers the tail, wings and legs.

Other than that it has beautiful and attractive red circles or outlines around the black iris eyes and a crown shaped feather set on the head that is followed down until the outer neck. The overall appearance of Secretary bird is highly appealing. As it is a grassland bird that too in the prey category so it has long legs that keeps itself a little higher from the ground in order to look around for any new prey and also to save its life at the same time by being aware from prospective danger.


The general height of Secretary birds is 1.3 meters that is almost 4.3 feet; they are large enough to be recognized easily. The Secretary bird can look like an eagle for once although the long legs cast a distinct image of it. It has an eagle like head with a hooked bill and well rounded wings that are strong enough to take higher flights. The wingspan of Secretary Bird is about 191cm to 220 cm and the average weight could range in between 2.3 kg to 5 kg and till date the highest body mass is recorded as 4.02 kg somewhere in Southern Africa.

The average tarsus of the Secretary Bird is 31 cm and the tail is around 57 to 85 cm, these both factors collectively make it look longer and taller than the other species of raptors (birds of prey like eagles and hawks). The neck of the bird is not very long; it can only be lowered down to a particular level, because after that the birds have to stoop down to the ground to drink water.

Habitat and Breeding

Most commonly the birds are found in the open grasslands and savannas instead of forests and dense shrubbery areas. Commonly the Secretary Bird can be found in the Sub Saharan Africa and its range is extended from Mauritania to Somalia and to the south of the Cape of Good Hope. This is a non migratory bird and likes to be stagnant to one habitat generally but in the case of searching the prey and favorable living conditions the species has shown some migration patterns. Otherwise there is not a specified pattern for the migration of Secretary Bird in winters or summers.

For breeding the Secretary Bird use the nests that are build at a height of a minimum 16 to 23 feet on Acacia tree, and almost around half a year before the laying of eggs male and female Secretary birds visit the nest. The incubation period of eggs is around 45 days, after getting hatched for about 40 to 60 days both male and female feed the young ones. Generally, in Secretary birds, there is no concept of sibling aggression but the youngest one out of three does die due to starvation. Almost at the age of 80 days the young ones are able to fledge and jump out of the nest in the controlled environment. After fledging the parent pair teaches the younger ones tricks to attack and get the prey and soon the younger ones become independent.

Social Behavior

Secretary Bird is not that much of a friendly or socially active bird species as it belongs to a hunting family. Most of the time the pairs could be witnessed helping each in bringing up the younger ones and also incorporating others in the flock in order to maintain a stable equation among them. On the other hand, it is also perceived to be an aggressive bird when it comes to fighting. Secretary birds have shown to give a brutal time to the opponent and also adopt some of the amazing body transformation that simply showcase all the anger and rage through its actions.


Secretary Birds hunt down their diets from the environment and surroundings, and the common food intake is of insects or mammals ranging from mice to hares. In addition to that mongoose, snakes, lizards, tortoise, young birds, bird eggs, crabs and sometimes the dead grass animals too are the part of the diet. The bird is not really very selective in food trends, generally it depends and eats based on the availability of the things at that time and it likes to grab everything in the moment. The hunting strategy that the Secretary bird uses in case of dangerous and poisonous reptiles like snakes is very effective and prompt as the bird attacks upon the animal in a sudden moment and snap the neck or back by the help of its feet that makes the prey lose the fight.

Suitability as Pets

Having the Secretary Bird as pet is really not a suitable idea; as it is a free bird that chooses to live in a free and open environment. Having it at a limited place with controlled conditions could be a little difficult for the person as well. In the natural conditions the bird lives through a natural cycle of hunting and survival and some things in nature cannot be replaced.

It will be really not a good idea to have a hunter at one’s place as pet that could also threat the life of the other pets or animals around you in the general environment. Mostly, you can witness the Secretary Bird at the grass lands in an open environment with the unlimited land where it can roam and air dive to any extent. Due to the resemblance with the eagle family it does have some of their traits, and thus to have it as a pet you are required some of the skills and expertise in handling it.

secretary bird cool facts
4/ 5