Showing posts with label are sloth bears aggressive. Show all posts
Showing posts with label are sloth bears aggressive. Show all posts
Are sloth bears dangerous|Fun facts about sloth bears|

Are sloth bears dangerous|Fun facts about sloth bears|

 Are sloth bears dangerous|Fun facts about sloth bears|

Are sloth bears dangerous|Fun facts about sloth bears|
Are sloth bears dangerous|Fun facts about sloth bears|

The sloth bear (Melursus ursinus) is a mammal and carnivore belonging to the family Ursidae. This species of bear is the sole representative of the genus Melursus. The Sloth Bear Sloth Bear is also called lazy Bear, Honey Bear or long lips Bear.

Characteristics or Habits

The sloth is a crepuscular and nocturnal (rarely diurnal) loner that lives in a fixed area. The grounds of the animals have a size from 9.4 to 14.4 km2. The territories of males are much larger. The sexes find each other only during the mating season, however, the areas of males and females overlap. Hibernation is not held, however, the activity decreases during the rainy season. Mothers carry their children while foraging often on the back.


The sloth is blackish colored, rarely dark brown. In the area of the chest shows a white-colored v- or u-shaped band. In rare cases, this band is also missing. The long and pale muzzle is sparsely covered with hairs. The coat may comprise in the region of the shoulders of a length up to 30 cm. The coat is generally rather crude. Nostrils closed, which is an adaptation to the eating habits. The tongue and the lips are highly portable and extendable. The rear part of the palate is wide and long. The molars are relatively small. The front claws of sloth bears are up to 70 mm very long and curved. The tail jaws only reach a length of up to 30 mm. The soles of the feet are bare. Each foot has 5 toes.

Life Stages

The mating season for sloth bear is substantially between May and July, and birth occurs from November to January. After a diapause and a net gestation period of about 180 days, the female gives birth to 1 to 3 (2) cubs. The birth takes place in a cave, in which the family is staying, in the first 6 to 10 weeks. The male does not participate in the rearing and has left the female directly after mating.

The juveniles have a birth weight of 400 to 500 grams and are initially blind. After about 3 weeks, they open their eyes for the 1st time. They only leave the cave at roughly two to three months of age and begin to eat solid food. Cubs are weaned in second to third year, at 1.5 or 2.5 years old. They are presumed to be sexually matured at three or four years of age, with first births at four or five years.

Life Span

This animal has a life expectancy of about 30 years, and may live for more than 30 years in captivity, perhaps even to 40 years.


The sloth reaches a body length of 150 to 190 cm, a shoulder height of 60 to 90 cm, Head-tail length of about 1.4 – 1.9 m, and a weight of 55 140 kg. Males are up to 40% heavier than females. The females are more delicate, small and therefore weigh much less.

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Sloth bears are endemic to the Indian subcontinent. Their habitat extends over India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Sloth bears inhabit a variety of habitats. So in addition to humid rain forests and alluvial and dry deciduous forests and forest edges are populated. However, the population density varies in different habitats depending on resource availability. Moisture rainforests have the highest density of sloth bears. The animals prefer habitats with dense undergrowth. Open areas are shunned.


The food the sloth bears like consists mainly of socially organized insects such as ants, (Formic idea) and termites (Isopteran), as well as sugar-rich fruits. But honey is highly regarded. With their powerful claws, the animals can easily climb trees to get to the honey nests. Ripe fruits are eaten usually from the ground. Termite mounds are broken with the powerful front claws or ant colonies are dug out of the ground. Popular fruits are the Bengal quince, the Cassia fistula, figs, and Stern bushes. The availability of fruit varies seasonally.

Friends and Enemies

The sloth bear is one of the endangered species. It has very few predators natural to share; the tiger and leopard. Man, as usual, is the most ferocious enemy for that animal.

The greatest danger comes from the destruction of natural habitats. This is especially in India and Bangladesh; begin to observe also in Sri Lanka and Nepal. Only in designated protected areas, the animals are more or less safe. In Bhutan, the habitats are still considered saved. The deforestation and the loss of forests, mainly outside protected areas, pose a major threat. The fragmentation of the habitats can lead to a genetic poverty. The total area of protected areas is approximately 200,000 km2. The total population of the animals is estimated at 10,000 to 25,000 animals. Another big problem is poaching. In many parts of its range, the hatchlings of nature are taken and killed the mothers. The trade in body parts, especially the gall bladder is flourishing.

Suitability as Pets

To many people, owning a pet sloth bear seems interesting, as they are “adorable” animals that are usually good with small children. Owing to the fact they are also naturally slow moving, easy to keep track of and don’t tend to try to run away. They are not noisy and are very unlikely to be destructive. The fact that they are generally very clean animals that are comfortable living in the house once they got used to it also makes sloths pretty as pet.

The downsides of owning a pet sloth, however, are often large enough to discourage most people from buying one. They are often difficult to buy legally, so the cost is likely to be very high. There are chances that the pet may fell sick and require highly specialized veterinary care, which could be extremely costly. This makes exotic pet insurance very necessary; it may be a legal requirement in some places.