Showing posts with label is the walking stick insect poisonous zoology. Show all posts
Showing posts with label is the walking stick insect poisonous zoology. Show all posts
is the walking stick insect poisonous|complete detail|

is the walking stick insect poisonous|complete detail|

 is the walking stick insect poisonous?

is the walking stick insect poisonous|complete detail|
is the walking stick insect poisonous

Walking stick are insects that look like sticks. They can be found world-wide with the exception of Antarctica and they are most common in tropical regions. They vary in shape and color and have very good camouflage to avoid predators.


Walking sticks eat mostly leaves of trees and shrubs. They are known to remove most of the leaves on the trees in areas where there are high numbers of the insects. In some cases, entire stands of trees can have their leaves completely removed.


Walking stick insects have many nicknames because of their shape and coloration. In Europe, they are called stick insects and in the United States they are usually called stick bugs or walking sticks. Some people even call them ghost insects because of their ability to appear and disappear into their surroundings.


Characteristics

Walking sticks are usually long slender insects that resemble sticks, but some have flattened bodies and look like leaves. These features help camouflage the insect from predators. Most walking sticks do not have wings, but some species do and they use them to help escape predators. They are also very good at mimicry and will hang of a branch and sway back and forth to look like a twig blowing in the wind.


Walking sticks, like other insects, have six legs. Each leg has two special pads. One of these pads is used for gripping and hanging on to trees and are called sticky pads. They also have pads on their heels that are called non-sticky pads and they use them to help them lift the sticky pads in order to walk. If a predator grabs a walking stick by the leg, the leg will break off and then grow back in a few weeks.


Appearance

Walking sticks come in a variation of shapes, sizes and colors. In the United States, the most common insects are brown to green in color. Their bodies are long, thin, and rounded and they look like sticks and twigs. They have a great ability to camouflage themselves and are very hard to find in the wild. Even the eggs of walking sticks are camouflaged and resemble seeds.

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Walking sticks have long antennae that are 2/3 the length of their body. Males and females differ slightly in appearance. Males have light bands of color around their legs and females do not. Males also tend to be more brown and females more green in the walking sticks native to the United States.


Life Stages

Walking sticks have three life stages. The first life stage is the egg. Walking stick females will lay their eggs almost anywhere depending on the species. Some lay them in holes they dig and other will lay them on a plant. In total, a female walking stick can lay up to 1,200 eggs at a time. These eggs hatch within 20 to 30 days of being laid.


When the eggs hatch the walking sticks enter into the second life stage called the nymph stage. During this stage the walking stick will mature and develop through several nymph stages. It can take several months for a walking stick to develop from the nymph stage into the adult stage. The adult stage is the final stage.


Life Span

Walking sticks will reach adult stage in three months to one year and can live up to two years.


Size

Walking sticks are very variable in size. They are as small as one inch and as long as 20 inches. Some walking sticks in Texas have been measured over seven inches long and may be the longest insects in the United States. The eggs of a walking stick are about the size of small seeds.


Habitat

Walking sticks live in a variety of habitats. These range from tropical rain forests in South American and Asia to the desert southwest in the United States. These insects usually live on trees and bushes where they can camouflage themselves. In the southwestern United States, walking sticks are found primarily on creosote bushes. In the Midwestern and eastern United States, they are often found on oak, cherry, and hazel trees.


Diet

Walking sticks primarily eat the leaves of the trees and shrubs. They primarily feed at night and can eat all of the leaves off of stands of trees. In the southwestern United States, they feed on creosote bushes, and in the eastern United States, they feed on oak and locust trees. When a walking stick feeds they do not eat the entire leaf but just the fleshy parts between the vanes and stem.


Friends and Enemies

Walking sticks like to live in groups with other walking sticks. When walking sticks are together in large groups they can eat all of the leaves off trees. They do not have any other friends.


Walking sticks do have plenty of enemies. Birds, bats, and monkeys are all enemies of walking sticks. These animals will all look for and attack walking sticks if they can find them. Walking sticks have a few tricks to avoid being attacked by these animals. Since walking sticks feed primarily at night, they use their color and shape as camouflage when resting during the day. Their color and stick shape helps them to blend into their habitat. Some kinds of walking sticks have brightly colored wings they will flash at an animal to scare it off. In some cases, lichens will grow on a walking stick to help it blend into its habitat. The walking stick species in the eastern United States releases a foul smelling and tasting substance to deter animals from investigating it too closely.


Suitability as Pets

Walking sticks have been kept as pets. Many of these species have been raised in laboratories to study the way they walk. A walking stick from India is commonly kept as a pet because it readily eats vegetables and is easy to keep alive. In the United States, only the northern walking stick is legal to own as a pet, but they are very hard to keep alive because they require a diverse diet.


The nymph stage requires a variety of plants to feed on for survival. They really prefer to eat sassafras, raspberry, and cherry leaves. The adults prefer oak, locust, and rose leaves. They also need to be kept at temperatures between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit with a humidity level close to 70%. There also needs to be sticks, leaves, and live plants in the enclosure for them to climb on for exercise. If these things can be easily provided, walking sticks can make very easy and very cheap pets.

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